Numerical simulations (2D) on the influence of pre-existing local structures and seismic source characteristics in earthquake-volcano interactions.

6 julio, 2017 -


Autores

Cristian Farías(a)(b), Boris Galván (c), Stephen A.Miller(c).


Información de los Autores

(a)Departamento de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Católica de Temuco, Temuco, Chile
(b) Formerly at: Steinmann Institute Geophysics/Geodynamics, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
(c) The Centre for Hydrogeology and Geothermics, University of Neuchatel, Neuchatel, Switzerland


JOUNAL OF VOLCANOLOGY AND GEOTHERMAL RESEARCH
Volumen: 343 Páginas: 192-210.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.07.001
Fecha de Publicación: 06 de Julio de 2017


Abstract

Earthquake triggering of hydrothermal and volcanic systems is ubiquitous, but the underlying processes driving these systems are not well-understood. We numerically investigate the influence of seismic wave interaction with volcanic systems simulated as a trapped, high-pressure fluid reservoir connected to a fluid-filled fault system in a 2-D poroelastic medium. Different orientations and earthquake magnitudes are studied to quantify dynamic and static stress, and pore pressure changes induced by a seismic event. Results show that although the response of the system is mainly dominated by characteristics of the radiated seismic waves, local structures can also play an important role on the system dynamics. The fluid reservoir affects the seismic wave front, distorts the static overpressure pattern induced by the earthquake, and concentrates the kinetic energy of the incoming wave on its boundaries. The static volumetric stress pattern inside the fault system is also affected by the local structures. Our results show that local faults play an important role in earthquake-volcanic systems dynamics by concentrating kinetic energy inside and acting as wave-guides that have a breakwater-like behavior. This generates sudden changes in pore pressure, volumetric expansion, and stress gradients. Local structures also influence the regional Coulomb yield function. Our results show that local structures affect the dynamics of volcanic and hydrothermal systems, and should be taken into account when investigating triggering of these systems from nearby or distant earthquakes.


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